There are generally two types of paternity testing:
Private Test – A quick, economical solution for families seeking the truth regarding paternity for personal information. Evidence can be gathered and submitted by anyone, and does not require a Chain of Custody process. Ideal for adult children wanting verification and parents who want answers prior to incurring expensive legal bills.
Legal Test – A conclusive, legally-binding test which requires that DNA samples be collected by a neutral third party (ministers, attorneys, physicians, etc.) and documented through a legal Chain of Custody process. Legal paternity tests are used for situations such as child support/custody disputes, inheritance determination, immigration issues and more.
When an alleged father is not available, paternity can also be established indirectly by testing known family members. If you are submitting a sample for a private paternity test, there are a number of places you can find forensic DNA evidence:
- Fingernail clippings
- Hair w/roots or follicles
- Chewing gum
- Used beverage containers
- Post-mortem tissue
- Lickable stamps or envelopes
- Teeth or dentures
- Toothbrushes or toothpicks
- Cigarette butts
- Dental floss
- Facial tissue or cotton swabs.